How to fish for Sardine?


Sardines make good bait to catch larger fish, such as sailfish, wahoo, king mackerel, grouper and snapper. One of the quickest and simplest ways for the recreational angler to fish for sardines is with a cast net. With a properly sized net, the correct casting technique and a little good fortune spotting sardines schools, you can quickly catch enough to place in your live well for your entire fishing trip. Of course, if you don’t catch anything with your sardines, you can always eat them instead.

Select a net that you can handle easily. Typically, cast nets used for sardines range from 6 to 8 feet in radius. Sardines average from 6 to 12 inches long. Choose a net that has a mesh size between 1/2 and 5/8 inch wide.

Observe the seawater for signs that sardines are schooled near the surface. Watch for spray and movement over the surface of the water and for sea birds, fish or dolphins feeding.

Secure the hand line loop to your wrist to avoid losing the net when you cast. Grasp the horn collar of the net and allow the weights to drop to the deck, pulling the braille lines through the horn to open the net.

Gather up the net in one hand. Grasp the leading edge of the lead line at the bottom of the net with the other. Observe the sardines and move your boat as close to the school as possible.

Cast your net over the sardines by rotating your body and throwing the lead line outward to form an umbrella shape with the net, releasing the gathered net in the other hand at the same time.

Allow the net to drop to the end of the hand line to trap as many sardines as possible under the net. Pull up on the hand line to pull the braille lines through the horn and close the bottom of the net around the trapped sardines.

Pull the net up onto the boat deck. Hold the net over a 5-gallon bucket. Pull the horn collar up to open the net and allow any sardines within to drop into the bucket. Remove any unwanted fish. Pour the remaining sardines into your live well.

Repeat this process until you have sufficient sardines for your fishing trip.

How to Catch Fish ?

first steps

First step :
Determine what your goals are. Your goals could be to have fun, get some exercise, explore new places, to test your fishing skill, as a profession or to catch fish.

second steps
Second step:
Make a plan based on what your goals are. If your goal is to catch fish, decide whether it will be catch and release or for consumption.

third steps
The third step:

Read about the fish you are targeting in general and locally. Sports Afield and Field and Stream are great magazines to read for entertainment and to learn. Read your local fishing magazine, watch your local fishing show on TV and ask the clerk at the fishing store for advice. Find out which fish are in season and also notice when fishermen congregating at a certain fishing spot.

forth step
The Forth step:
Study the behaviour of fish. Notice how fish react to an artificial lure. Many fish will attack your lure because they are territorial and not because they are hungry. Predator fish are programmed to avoid getting infections so keep your bait moving, even if just twitching them, to make it look like they are alive. Other fish do not like to have their bait moving.

the fifth step
the fifth step:
In general, to catch fish, even small fish, you have to either get to a secluded spot in the country, have access to a watercraft or walk a distance in from the parking area.

the sixth step
the sixth step:
Use natural bait. Although expert fly fishermen catch many trout with flies and many bass fisherman catch many largemouth bass with worms or spinnerbaits, using natural bait will require less skill.
If you are unsure of what to use, worms, minnows, and leeches are all good bets.
Use artificial bait when it is the most productive way to catch the fish you are after. If the fish are not biting with the artificial baits, try putting a strip of natural bait on your artificial
When fishing for fish bigger than pan size, be prepared to haul the fish in with no finesse. Many times, the most productive places to find these big fish are places where your line can break or get tangled.

Set the hook quicker with artificial lures than with natural bait. With plastic worms your hook setting will be a bit delayed compared to using a topwater wood or resin plug.

With natural bait, pause before setting the hook. Think of some method, when using natural bait so you do not set the hook too quickly or too hard. All this is if you are after small to medium sized fish.
When using a reel, instead of lifting the rod to set the hook, turn the reel handle quickly. Turning the handle quickly is slower than yanking the rod back (and have your rig shoot out of the water at you).
Another method to avoid setting the hook too quickly is to hold your rod with your left hand, assuming you are right handed, because your reflexes are slower left-handed. Whatever the case, do not set the hook to quickly with natural bait.
When you extract the hook from the fish’s mouth, note where it is. If it is in the gills or stomach you are setting the hook too late. Set the hook, so the hook is in the fish’s mouth and not too far in.

Be sure to have a good high quality rod and a variety of lures and hooks. With spinning gear, carry an extra spool with a heavier line. Once in a blue moon, you will see a very big fish, when going for panfish, that will be close to impossible to catch with your ultralight tackle. With your extra spool with some heavy line, and a big rig or two,you could catch that lunker as a bonus. When catching a monster fish with heavy line, but on a light pole, do not fight the fish by pumping the rod in the usual way. Pump the rod, by keeping the rod angle fixed, and move your arms; do not break your rod.

Be patient because most fish will not bite at the moment you put the hook in the water.
Conversely, be prepared to set the hook immediately after casting your lure, predator fish might track the flight of your lure, in the air, and viciously attack it when it hits the water.
Be prepared to set your hook, at the end of your retrieve, when casting, just as your lure or bait is about to come out of the water. The fish will follow your lure or bait swimming behind it, behind and to the side, or be waiting in ambush at the shoreline or by the boat. With soft lures, the main problem is getting excited and setting the hook too fast and too hard, be alert so you can control your impulses.

What Kind of Mackerels You Would Like to Choose?

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Mackerel Characteristics:
Most mackerel belong to the family Scombridae, which also includes tuna and bonito. Generally mackerel are much smaller and slimmer than tuna, though in other respects they share many common characteristics. Their scales, if present at all, are extremely small. Like tuna and bonito, mackerel are voracious feeders, and are swift and manoeuvrable swimmers, able to streamline themselves by retracting their fins into grooves on their body. Like other scombroids, their bodies are cylindrical with numerous finlets on the dorsal and ventral sides behind the dorsal and anal fins, but unlike the deep-bodied tuna, they are slim.

The type species for scombroid mackerels is the Atlantic mackerel, Scomber scombrus. These fish are iridescent blue-green above with a silvery underbelly and twenty to thirty near vertical wavy black stripes running across their upper body.

It might seem that the prominent stripes on the back of mackerels are there to provide camouflage against broken backgrounds. That is not the case, because mackerel live in midwater pelagic environments which have no background. However, fish have an optokinetic reflex in their visual systems which can be sensitive to moving stripes.In order for fish to school efficiently, they need feedback mechanisms that help them align themselves with adjacent fish, and match their speed. The stripes on neighbouring fish provide “schooling marks” which signal changes in relative position.

There is a layer of thin reflecting platelets on some of the mackerel stripes. In 1998, Denton and Rowe argued that these platelets transmit additional information to other fish about how a given fish moves. As the orientation of the fish changes relative to another fish, the amount of light reflected to the second fish by this layer also changes. This sensitivity to orientation gives the mackerel “considerable advantages in being able to react quickly while schooling and feeding.”

Mackerel range in size from small forage fish to larger game fish. Coastal mackerel tend to be small. The king mackerel is an example of a larger mackerel. Most fish are cold-blooded, but there are exceptions. Certain species of fish maintain elevated body temperatures. Endothermic bony fishes are all in the suborder Scombroidei and include the butterfly mackerel, a species of primitive mackerel.

Mackerel are strong swimmers. Atlantic mackerel can swim at a sustained speed of 0.98 metres/sec with a burst speed of 5.5 m/s,while chub mackerel can swim at a sustained speed of 0.92 m/s with a burst speed of 2.25 m/s.








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